How to get started on Instagram

Instagram is another fantastic social media platform that can allow users to connect with their friends, family, and keeping up to date on current events. What sets aside Instagram from other social media platforms is the primary focus on communicating through pictures instead of only through text. Your newsfeed will be filled with posts from the accounts you follow, and there are various ways to interact with different users. Instagram also gives the option of inserting a caption underneath which usually provides more context to the photos uploaded.

There are two ways users can use Instagram:

  1. Mobile app – can be found in the smartphone app store and is available for both Apple and Android smartphones
  2. Online website

Creating an Account

To use Instagram, you will have to create an account by following these steps:

  1. Entering your mobile number or email address
  2. Add your full name
  3. Selecting a unique username (which will be linked to your account)
  4. Creating a password for your account
  5. Providing your date of birth including the year, month and date

After you have completed the previous steps, you will have to enter the confirmation code sent to your email to verify your identity. Once you have finished signing up, you can now start using Instagram! Here are some tips for utilizing it effectively:

Following Friends and Family

Finding a friend or family member on Instagram will work a little differently than Facebook. Since Instagram has +1 billion users, it can be difficult to search for a friend when a couple of other users may already have the same name. For example, if I wanted to find my friend Jane Smith, I might not be able to find her right away because of many other users coming up when searching her name:

The solution? Ask them for their username! When everyone first signs up, they all choose a unique username that no other person on the site will have. Upon searching for their unique username, you will be able to find your friend and start following them.

Following Accounts Catered to your Interests

Instagram can be used for more than just connecting with your friends and family; you can use it to stay up to date with your interests! Many organizations and different artists can now be found on Instagram. Simply search for the name of the organization or artist you wish to follow and your feed will begin showing more of their posts! Some examples of organizations and notable people that can be found are CP24 Toronto News, ESPN, and Justin Trudeau. To begin finding accounts you wish to follow and stay up to date with, search for their names by tapping on the magnifying glass tab and typing in the search bar located at the top:

To ensure you are following the real account of the organization or public figure you are looking for, keep an eye out for the blue verified symbol beside their username which will look like this:

Navigating Your Instagram Feed

Once you begin following more people, your feed will become filled with their posts. Here is more information on how to navigate your newsfeed and the application on your smartphone. For this section, follow the numbers and match them with the corresponding numbers displayed on the image below:

(1) Taking a Photo – This camera icon indicates the option to take a photo directly from your phone’s camera. You have the option to tap the options underneath to start a live stream, create a text post, or simply take a normal picture. Press the big white circle at the bottom once you are satisfied with your photo. At the bottom right, press “send to >” and you will have the option to post it on your story for all of your followers to see, or you can forward the picture to specific contacts by pressing “send’ beside their name.

(2) Stories – Stories are a popular feature on Instagram where users can showcase a part of their day to be highlighted for 24 hours on their profile. To view someone’s story, click on their icon (which will be highlighted with a pink circle). Upon clicking their story, you have the option to send a message in response to their story by tapping the “Send Message” bar located at the bottom and typing your reply to them there. The conversation can be found in your direct messages tab (view #3 for more information).

(3) Direct Messages – Although Instagram is primarily a photo-sharing application, you can still have conversations with your contacts on this platform. Click the little paper airplane icon on the top right to see the tab where all of your conversations will be stored. To start a new conversation, use the search bar at the top of the tab to search for the person you wish to start a conversation with. Remember: if you cannot find them right away, try searching their username instead!

(4) Reacting to a Post – When a post appears on your newsfeed, there are many ways to react to it. By clicking the 3 dots next to a post, you have many options immediately available to you:

Reporting it – If a post violates Terms of Service (i.e., nudity, violence, NSFW content, self-harm) you can report it directly to Instagram for review. The post will be hidden from your newsfeed from then on.

Copy link – Tap this option to copy the Instagram link of the post to your clipboard to share with your contacts on other platforms!

Share to – Your smartphone will present different options on how you wish to share the post such as to a different application, e-mail, phone contacts, or copying it to your phone’s clipboard.

Turn on Post Notifications – Get the option to receive phone notifications from this account whenever they post!

Mute – You will not see this account’s posts on your newsfeed anymore, but you will still be able to follow them.

Unfollow – Tap if you wish to unfollow the account affiliated with the post.

(5) Like – If you enjoyed someone’s post, you can click the heart icon under the post to “like” it and they will receive a notification for it.

(6) Commenting If you wish to add a response or start a discussion under a post, click the comment bubble underneath the post and select “post” when you are done crafting your response. Other people’s comments also have a “reply” button in grey underneath their comments, which you can tap if you wish to type a comment responding to them.

(7) Forwarding – To forward a post to someone on the application, tap the paper airplane icon underneath the post and you can select someone to forward the post to. You can follow up with this in your direct messages tab.

(8) Uploading – To upload a picture from your camera’s library, select the plus (+) icon at the bottom middle of the application. You will have the option at the bottom to select a photo from your library, take a live photo, or take a video instead. Select “next” on the top right when you are satisfied and you will have the option to write a caption underneath the photo, add a location, tag other people, and you can also cross-post it to other applications such as Facebook and Twitter. Once you are satisfied, press “share” and the post will be available to view your profile and on your follower’s newsfeeds.

(9) Activity – The activity tab showcases your account’s activities such as who has liked your posts and comments, whether anyone has replied back to you, and who has followed you. Simply tap the notification to be forwarded back to the post where the interaction took place.

(10) Your Profile – To view your profile, tap your icon on the bottom right of the application. On your profile, you will have the option to view your followers and who follows you, and see how many posts you have. You can also tap the “edit profile” button to change your bio, request a new unique username, and change your display name.


Printing and Printer Settings on Your Computer

Usually when you want to print a document, you can hit Ctrl and the P key at the same time (or go into the File tab if there is one such as in a word document) and a window will open with print options.

On the left side, it shows a preview of what the printed product will look like. On the right side, you can see some of the printer settings. At the top right, you can see the number of sheets of paper that will be printed.

If we keep going down the right side, we see the Destination tab. This tab is where you can select the printer that you would like to use. If you click on the down arrow, it will show the printers that your computer can print to. You can also choose Save as PDF if you would like to save the file to your computer to look at or print later.

Below the Destination tab, there is the Pages tab. If you click on the down arrow, you can choose Custom and then type in the page numbers of the pages you wish to print.

Below the Pages tab, there is the Copies tab where you can choose the number of copies you want to print.

If we keep going down the list, there is the Layout tab, where you can choose which orientation you want the page to be printed as. Portrait means it is taller than it is wide, and Landscape means that it is wider than it is tall.

Then, there is the Color tab where you can choose to print in Color (if the printer you are using has colored ink) or Black and white.

If you look at the bottom of the right side, there is a tab for More settings. Here, you can change some other settings.

Some commonly changed settings under this tab are Pages per sheet and Two-sided. By changing the Pages per sheet, you can decrease the number of pieces of paper you need to use by printing additional pages on each piece of paper. An example is posted in the picture below.

Two-sided means that you will be printing on both sides of the piece of paper, which is also good to decrease the amount of paper you are using.

When you pick all the settings you want and are ready to print, click Print at the bottom right corner of the window. Sometimes, nothing will be printed and it seems the printer is not working. There are a couple quick things to always check in case this happens. You should make sure the printer is turned on and is connected appropriately to your computer (the printer cord is pushed in all the way or your computer is wirelessly connected to the printer). You can also try restarting the printer and your computer (but make sure to save what you are trying to print first)!


Simple Guide to Using Facebook

Facebook is a great social media tool that allows us to connect with friends, family, and current events. It can always be accessed through the internet or if you are using a mobile device or tablet, accessing it through the Facebook app makes the process a little easier. To use Facebook, you will first need to make an account by adding an email, filling out some personal information, and creating a password for your account. Once you’ve done that you can start using Facebook! Here are some tips when using this social media outlet!

Adding Friends

To connect with someone you know, type the full name of the person you wish to connect with in the “Search” bar found usually at the top of the Facebook page. It may also just be displayed as a magnifying glass. Multiple people with that name may appear so be sure to select the correct individual and send them a Friend Request. To send the friend request you must click the button that reads “Add friend”. You will have to wait until they accept your request before you can begin interacting with them.

Navigating Your Facebook Feed

For this section, follow the numbers and match them with the same number displayed on the image below:

1. Search Bar – Here is where you type in a person’s name. By clicking on the name, you are able to see this individual’s personal profile page, add them as a friend, post on their page, or privately message them.

2. Your Profile – The icon to the right of the number represents your personal profile. You should see your profile picture (if you chose to use one) and your name. Click this icon to post directly on your page or add any pictures to your account. The current screen displayed is referred to as your News Feed. This is where you view what your Facebook friends are posting about.

3. You can also add a post in this box on your News Feed so that all your friends see what you’ve written. These posts you make on your News Feed and on your personal profile are NOT private – everyone you connect with on Facebook can see them!

4. Friend Requests – When other people request to be your friend, a red dot will appear by this icon indicating that you have a notification. You will have to click on this icon to either accept or deny the friend request. This is also the location where you can view if anyone has accepted your friend requests that you sent out. This icon also provides you will a list of potential people that you may know based on your current Facebook friends. You can use this list to find other people you may know or just ignore the suggestions.

5. Facebook Messenger – There are 2 locations for privately messaging your Facebook friends. The smaller icon opens up a small window on your News Feed that once opened, new messages appear right away. When you have a new message, a little red dot will appear beside this icon. The other location is the “Messenger” button on the left-hand side of the screen. This brings you to the messaging page on Facebook where you can see all past and current messages. When using this messenger button, to return to the News Feed again you must select the Facebook “F” logo located beside the Search Bar. Both messenger options give you accessibility to video calling your Facebook Friends as Facebook acts as another video calling platform.

6. Notifications – this icon represents all new notifications you receive. This could be current birthdays of friends, friends who have mentioned you in a post, or recent updates from your News Feed. When you have a new notification, a little red dot will appear beside this icon. Once you select the icon, you are able to click on each notification and it will bring you directly to the source so you can read more or respond to a friend.


How to download and use Skype

Skype is a free communication service that allows us to keep in touch with people from a distance. To use this free service, the person you are contacting must also have Skype. You can make video or voice calls, and directly message someone on Skype. Skype can be used on a desktop computer or on a mobile device. Skype also allows us to call someone’s phone directly, however, this is not a free service and has a fee.

Step 1:

Download Skype to your device from the Skype website: if you are using a desktop computer. Then click “Download Skype”. Select which type of device you are using and download Skype to your device following the prompts on the screen. The download will begin at the bottom of your browser. If you are using a mobile device or a tablet you will have to access your device’s app store and then type in “Skype” in its search feature.

Step 2:

Click on the completed download to begin its installation on your device.

An installer window will appear. Allow Skype to make changes to your device, this is safe and part of the installation process. Then click “Install” in the window that appears.

Step 3:

Follow the prompts on your screen. Sign in to your account or create a new one. If you create a new one you will need to fill in all the necessary personal information indicated with an asterisks (*) either by typing or selecting from a drop-down menu. You will also need to type in your Skype Name and create a password for your account. If your Name has already been taken you will have to come up with a new one or new combination of your name. For example, if Jane Smith is taken, try Smith, Jane OR Jane S OR Smith.J OR janesmith123. Find a name that has not been taken yet. We suggest writing down your selected Name and Password combination in case you have to sign-in again in the future.

To complete your account, you will have to verify that you are a real person, and not a computer, by filling in the box that says, “Type the text above here”. Above this text box there will be an image that has some combination of letters and/or numbers. You will have to type out the exact combination of the image in the text box. Then click “I agree” to agree to the Terms and Conditions.

Step 4:

Once you are logged into Skype, you may see this image below. Following the image and moving from top to bottom, the first arrow shows your account profile. You can click your name to make changes to your profile, change your activity status, access your settings, and sign out of Skype. The green dot to the left of your name shows that you are currently active on Skype. You can change this status to Invisible – if you don’t want your contacts to see you, Do Not Disturb – if you don’t want to receive any notifications, and Away – if you will not be active nor on your device.

The second arrow shows the different tabs you have access to. The first button is for current and past Chats you have been taking part in with your contacts. You can create a new chat under this page and set up a video call with a current person you have been chatting with. The second button is for Calls. This page allows you to see all past calls you have made or received and begin a new one. The third button is Contacts. Here you can see all existing contacts in alphabetical order. When you click a contact name, you can start a text conversation with that individual, start a video call, and send them files or images. The fourth button is Notifications. This is where you can view a summary of any missed alerts like calls or messages from your contacts. These missed calls or messages will also be found under the Chats and Calls buttons.

The third arrow shows which button to select on the Contacts page when you want to add a new contact. You will need to know the individual’s Skype Name OR you can “Invite to Skype”. The latter involves you sending the individual your profile via text message or email so they can add you to their contacts. This can be seen in the second photo below this step.

Step 5:

When making a video call ensure your camera and microphone are on and working. When the icon has a line through the centre of its circle it means that it is turned off. For example, in this image, the microphone has been turned off, but the camera is working. To turn it back on just click the icon, in this case, you would click on the microphone icon to turn it back on. To turn the icon off, you do the same and click the respective icon you wish to turn off, you will then see the line crossed through the icon. To end the call, press the red phone button. To accept an incoming call, the screen will display the contact that is calling you (i.e. you will see their name and/or photo). Then at the bottom of the screen you will see one green circle with a phone in it and one red circle with a phone in it. Click the green circle to answer the call. Click the red circle to reject the call.